Although the factors causing obesity cannot be explained exactly, excessive and incorrect nutrition and lack of physical activity are considered as the most important causes of obesity. In addition to these factors, many factors related to genetic, environmental, neurological, physiological, biochemical, socio-cultural and psychological factors cause obesity. The one role of environmental factors in the development of obesity is at the forefront, especially since the increase in childhood obesity is too high to be explained only by changes in the genetic structure.

Obesity is one of the most important health problems of developed and developing countries. Obesity generally increases the body weight to higher than the desired level due to the increase of the body's fat mass to the fat-free mass. 

In order to maintain a healthy life, the energy consumed must be kept in balance.
If the daily energy consumption is higher than the energy consumed, the energy that cannot be spent is stored as fat in the body and causes the formation of obesity.

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Obesity Factors?

Hormonal and metabolic factors

  • Genetic factors
  • Psychological problems
  • Frequent application of very low energy diets
  • Alcohol use status
  • Some drugs used
  • Number of births given
  • Excessive and incorrect eating habits
  • Insufficient physical activity
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Education level
  • Socio - cultural factors
  • Income status 

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Health problems caused by obesity

Insulin resistance - Hyperinsulinemia

  • Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
  • Hypertension
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Hyperlipidemia - Hypertriglyceridemia
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Some types of cancer such as endometrium, ovarian and breast cancers in women, colon and prostate cancers in men
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Paralysis
  • Sleep apnea
  • Fatty liver
  • Asthma
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Pregnancy complications
  • Menstruation irregularities
  • Excessive hair
  • Increased surgical risks
  • Mental problems (Anorexia nervosa (not eating) or Blumia nervosa (not eating food by defeating), Binge eating (binge eating), night eating syndrome may occur, or something more to try to provide psychological satisfaction
  • Social incompatibilities
  • Skin infections, swelling of the groin and feet, especially because of subcutaneous adipose tissue as a result of losing weight and gaining frequent intervals
  • Musculoskeletal problems 
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