Global warming is called to cause the greenhouse effect gases such as carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere to increase the average temperatures of ground crust and seas. The greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon, but the balance of various harmful gases released by people into the atmosphere causes an increase in global warming.

What İs Greenhouse Effect?

The gases and water spring in the stratosphere layer of the atmosphere, protect the earth's heat balance by creating a natural greenhouse effect. This layer reflects the harmful rays from the sun and some of the heat back into space. The last rays also heat the earth's crust, and the heated air rises again and remains in the atmosphere thanks to the greenhouse gases in the stratosphere. If it wasn't for greenhouse gases, the rays from the daytime sun would overheat the world, and there would be freezing temperatures at night. Life would end in the world because of the extreme heat difference between day and night.

Formation of Global Heating

 Fossil fuels such as petroleum, coal, natural gas, etc. spread toxic gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrogen oxides. These gases cause an increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. For this reason, the damaged natural system passes more of the rays coming from the sun and causes the earth to warm up more. It also causes the greenhouse effect to increase from the earth's crust by preventing the heat from getting out of the atmosphere again. Sere effect also causes global warming by increasing world temperature averages.

Global Warming

 Meteorological temperature records were first recorded as of 1880. It has been revealed that in recent years there has been an increase of 0,4 C degrees in the last years compared to the averages of world temperatures. The increase in the last twenty years is 0.25 - 0.4 C. According to studies by scientists, it is estimated that the effects of global warming will reach an incredible size in the next hundred years, resulting in an increase in the world average by 1.4 to 5.8 degrees Celsius. The water freezes at 0 ° C and becomes liquid from solid to solid. At temperatures of 0 ° C, the temperature will increase by 0.1 degrees, and the ice will dissolve into the liquid. Considering this situation, we can get an idea about how little heat changes can cause changes in the world.


Global warming leads to climate changes, causing severe hurricanes and floods, and long-term droughts and desertification. The melting of glaciers in the poles will cause the coastal areas to be completely submerged. This will reduce the habitable space in the world. Due to the heat changes in the snowy mountains, there will often be avalanches and endanger the surrounding settlements. As a result of the rapid depletion of water resources will be thirsty. Temperature increases cause drought, desertification and forest fires.

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