image  The heart-pumping clean blood from the lungs through the arteries to the entire body. In each beat, the heart pumps blood first, and then the blood becomes resting to fill the heart again. When the blood is pumped, the highest pressure in the arterial wall is systolic blood pressure -the systolic blood pressure, while the lowest pressure at rest creates diastolic blood pressure.

The normal values for blood pressure are 120 mm Hg of the large blood pressure and small blood pressure below 80 mm Hg. People who have high blood pressure between 120-139 mm Hg and small blood pressure between 80-89 mm Hg are candidates for high blood pressure. In order not to develop high blood pressure in the future, these people should take some precautions such as healthy nutrition, smoking cessation, exercise, and weight loss.

What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?

High blood pressure is an insidious disease, and no symptoms may be seen. High blood pressure i.e hypertension; headache, nosebleed, shortness of breath, fatigue can manifest itself as symptoms, usually does not lead to any complaints. For this reason, it is a so-called silent killer which can cause life-threatening disease if hypertension is not controlled.

  • Family with high blood pressure
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetic people
  • pregnant women
  • Older people
  • Overweight
  • Those who consume too much alcohol
  • People who consume fatty and salty foods
  • Inadequate potassium, calcium, magnesium and protein fields in the diet
  • Smokers
  • Those with sleep apnea syndrome
  • Renal patients
  • Birth control pills, some painkillers, steroids, some weight loss pills and individuals who use psychiatric medications

Some endocrinological diseases as thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal gland, pituitary diseases are causes of hypertension. The main target organs in which hypertension is damaging are the heart, brain, eyes, kidneys and, arteries. In response to hypertension in the target organs, some defense and balancing mechanisms begin, but in this process, if the tension is not treated and remains high, irreversible permanent phenomena occur.

If your blood pressure readings are high or if you are diagnosed by consulting a doctor to discuss your results and what to do.

  • Measure your home blood pressure readings as recommended.
  • Do not forget to make a lifestyle change at any stage.
  • Eat low-fat and low-salted healthy foods.
  • Maintain your ideal body weight.
  • Exercise.
  • Do not smoke, stay away from alcohol.
  • Reduce stress as much as possible.
  • Do not interfere with the treatment that the doctor has started and follow your blood pressure regularly.
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