When you decide to go to the beach or the ski slope, you aim to protect your skin with the high protection factor creams. Have you ever taken into account whether or not you need such protection in your eyes? Eyes that are severely sunburned burn when exposed to UV (ultraviolet) radiation by the sun. This is known as photokeratitis. Photokeratitis or ultraviolet keratitis is an inflammation of the cornea that covers the front of the eye cleanly. Protecting your eyes from UV rays is the only way to prevent sunburn. Over time, exposure to too much sun can cause certain eye diseases. These eye diseases include:
• Pterygium (bird wing)
• Age related macular degeneration
• Eyelid cancer
What are the Symptoms?
When your eyes are exposed to UV light too much, temporary sunburn or permanent damage may occur in several areas, including:
• Corneal thin, surface layer
The conjunctiva is a thin, mucous membrane consisting of two parts. One section covers and protects the whites of the eye. The other section covers the inner surface of the upper and lower eyelids. Both parts or both may burn in the sun. As in the skin, the sunburn intensity in the eye may change. The longer your exposure to UV rays, the more intense your symptoms. Symptoms of fotokeratitis may be irritating. We can list these symptoms as follows:
• Stinging sensation as if there was sand in the eyes
• Eye pain
• Twitch feeling on the eyelid
• Blurred vision
• Bright light sensitivity
• See the Moors
• collapsed, needle tip (miosis)
• Temporary visual loss or discoloration of your vision (these symptoms are rare)
Kinds of treatment
Photokeratitis resolves spontaneously within one to two days. Treatment of this condition is typically at the center of the decrease of symptoms and may be more comfortable. If your eyes continue to burn, your doctor may recommend painkillers or antibiotics.
You can also try several experiments at home to alleviate the symptoms:
• If you can use contact lenses, you must remove them. This should be done immediately to ensure your eyes heal.
• Protect your eyes from the urge to brush. This will not provide relief and you should consider more about the eye.
• Uses a cold compress. Compress the compressor on closed eyes and loosen it.
• Non-prescription painkillers can help relieve headaches.
• Be sure to wear your sunglasses to explain the bright light.
Use eye drops or artificial tears to dilute the appearance.
• How to irritate the makeup and false eyelashes more then avoid makeup.
• Ask your dentist if heals better with your doctor.
• Keep eyes clean. Avoid getting salty water or chlorinated water in your eyes. Protect your eyes with hundreds of weatherproof glasses.
When to be careful?
You are not 100% protected from the sun. UV may be dense in different environments. The sun can be reflected from water and sand and may cause UV rays. This is the beach, lake, dock, boat, pool etc. And don't look at the world. Sun rays can be reflected from anywhere. It is remarkable to have a sunny day or a misty day. UV can affect your eyes and skin with cloud cover and can also reflect ice and snow. If you participate in sports such as mountain climbing, snowboarding or skiing, you are at risk of photokeratitis if you do not protect your eyes. This type of photokeratite is known as snow blindness.
Some things may cause blindness in the snow, freezing of the cornea surface, or may be too dry. This is common in the North and South Poles, but at high altitudes where the air is weak. Thin air provides less protection against UV rays and makes you more vulnerable than you can imagine. Other artificial sources of UV light: A type of UVB bulbs used in arc welding machines and reptiles, bulbs, pet shops and reptile resources. You may think the solarium is safe for your eyes, instead of UVA instead of UVA spread, this is not true. The solarium can taste the sun up to 100 times the UV light and it can be very dangerous for the eyes, it is necessary to protect your eyes.
How are the eyes protected?
Not all sunglasses are equal. He needs to absorb 99% of the sun's rays. Wearing a frame instead of a sunglasses can also help avoid sunlight. Choosing the same level of protection when you are skiing or enjoying other snow sports can use sunglasses or goggles, and wearing a helmet can also help. Never place in a solarium without wearing safety glasses. You can use welding equipment or similar materials to protect your eyes and face.
When should you go to the doctor?
If the symptoms of burned eyes from the sun bother you for more than a day or two and you should continue to see your doctor. A specialist, such as an ophthalmologist or an optometrist, can give you the medicine you need. Remember, the longer the exposure time to UV rays, the more likely it is to experience severe open conditions over time, such as cataract or macular degeneration. You should see your doctor if you have problems with your vision.
If you have one of these symptoms, you should see a doctor:
• See the Moors
• Blurred, pale or warped view
• Shaded areas in medium views
• Glare or photosensitivity
• Night-oriented problems
Eyelids are a clean, unprotected area. Basal cell carcinoma may be skin cancers such as squamous cell carcinoma or malign melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma in this region can also spread to the eye. If you notice any of these symptoms in your eyelid, you may need to see the dermatologist.
• Red, black or brown colorless
• Do not get lost skin or skin tissue
• Skin swelling or thickening
• Lash loss.
Just like the skin, your eyes are vulnerable to sunburns that are exposed to UV rays too much. This situation called Fotokeratit passes over itself in a few days. In the short term, exposure to UV rays and eye sunburn can cause discomforting symptoms. In the long term, serious conditions such as cataract, age-related macular degeneration and eyelid cancer occur. She wants to protect her eyes from the sun and draw attention when the air is thin and the UV rays are strong.